Adding a Datafile to Tablespace

When monitoring Tablespace Usage (see my Tablespace Usage blog post for more info), there comes a point when you need to add a datafile to a tablespace to allow for growth and more importantly get below a monitoring threshold for example in OEM or OpsView.

Query to see Current Datafiles State

To see the current state of the datafiles:

set pages 999
set lines 400
col FILE_NAME format a75
select d.TABLESPACE_NAME, d.FILE_NAME, d.BYTES/1024/1024 SIZE_MB, d.AUTOEXTENSIBLE, d.MAXBYTES/1024/1024 MAXSIZE_MB, d.INCREMENT_BY*(v.BLOCK_SIZE/1024)/1024 INCREMENT_BY_MB
from dba_data_files d,
 v$datafile v
where d.FILE_ID = v.FILE#
order by d.TABLESPACE_NAME, d.FILE_NAME;

Output from Current Datafiles State

This is the output you will get from the query:

TABLESPACE_NAME FILE_NAME                                      SIZE_MB AUT MAXSIZE_MB INCREMENT_BY_MB
--------------- ---------------------------------------------- ------- --- ---------- ---------------
VERS_DATA       +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/vers_data.395.891367103    32767 YES      32767            1024
...
VERS_DATA       +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/vers_data.772.947087161     4096 YES      32767            1024
VERS_INDEX      +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/vers_index.434.891367657    3072 YES      32767            1024
VERS_INDX       +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/vers_indx.422.891367801    32767 YES      32767            1024
...
VERS_INDX       +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/vers_indx.783.947764359    10240 YES      32767            1024
SNP_DATA        +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/snp_data.421.891367815      1024 YES      32767            1024
SYSAUX          +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/sysaux.488.891349085       31500 YES 32767.9844              10
SYSAUX          +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/sysaux.577.909753421       12288 YES      12288              10
SYSTEM          +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/system.487.891349083         890 YES 32767.9844              10
UNDOTBS1        +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/undotbs1.489.891349085     30565 YES 32767.9844               5
UNDOTBS2        +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/undotbs2.491.891349091     20555 YES 32767.9844               5
USERS           +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/users.492.891349091            5 YES 32767.9844            1.25

273 rows selected.

SQL>

The … represents the several lines removed to make the output readable πŸ™‚

Add Datafile to Tablespace

To add a datafile to ‘VERS_DATA‘ to be initially 10G, auto extendable by 1G to maxsize of 32Gb:

ALTER TABLESPACE VERS_DATA ADD DATAFILE '+DATAC1' SIZE 10G AUTOEXTEND ON NEXT 1G MAXSIZE 32767M;

See Oracle Documentation for more info and Syntax:

https://docs.oracle.com/database/121/SQLRF/statements_3002.htm

Once added you’ll see the datafile in the above query:

TABLESPACE_NAME FILE_NAME                                      SIZE_MB AUT MAXSIZE_MB INCREMENT_BY_MB
--------------- ---------------------------------------------- ------- --- ---------- ---------------
VERS_DATA       +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/vers_data.395.891367103    32767 YES      32767            1024
...
VERS_DATA       +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/vers_data.772.947087161     4096 YES      32767            1024
VERS_DATA       +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/vers_data.774.947426643    10240 YES      32767            1024
VERS_INDEX      +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/vers_index.434.891367657    3072 YES      32767            1024
VERS_INDX       +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/vers_indx.422.891367801    32767 YES      32767            1024
...
VERS_INDX       +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/vers_indx.783.947764359    10240 YES      32767            1024
SNP_DATA        +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/snp_data.421.891367815      1024 YES      32767            1024
SYSAUX          +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/sysaux.488.891349085       31500 YES 32767.9844              10
SYSAUX          +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/sysaux.577.909753421       12288 YES      12288              10
SYSTEM          +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/system.487.891349083         890 YES 32767.9844              10
UNDOTBS1        +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/undotbs1.489.891349085     30565 YES 32767.9844               5
UNDOTBS2        +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/undotbs2.491.891349091     20555 YES 32767.9844               5
USERS           +DATAC1/VERS/DATAFILE/users.492.891349091            5 YES 32767.9844            1.25

274 rows selected.

SQL>

Related Blog Posts:
Querying Tablespace Usage

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Thanks

Zed DBA (Zahid Anwar)